Posted by Prem Shresh , Sunday, March 7, 2010 8:59 PM
There are two types of scope or as the school of thoughts and they are as follows:-
- Specialistic or Formalistic School of Thought
- Synthetic School of Thoughts
- Specialiatic or Formalistic School of Thoughts:-
- George Simmel
- Max Weber
- Vier Kandt
- Von Wiese
- Ferdinand Tonnies
And, due to the some criticism the specialistic or formalistic school of thoughts cannot take a right position in the scope of sociology . Some of the criticized are as follows:-
- Other sciences also study forms of social relationship.
- The conception of pure sociology is impractical.
- Forms of social relationships differ from the forms of geometry.
- Separated from the concrete relation, abstract forms can not be studies.
- Formalistic school has extremely narrowed the scope of sociology.
- Synthetic School of Thoughts:-
As against the specialistic school the synthetic school wants to make sociology a synthesis of the social sciences or a general science. Sociology is the science of sciences and all the sciences are included in its scope, it synthesizes all of them. According to the synthetic school, the scope of sociology is encyclopedic and synoptic. The viewpoint, which are reflected in geographical, biological and economic determinism, these sociologists have advised to make sociology comprehensive and wide. In the words of Motwani," Sociology thus seeks to see life full and see it whole." Some sociologists are on the side or they are the advocates of synthetic school of thoughts and they are as follows:-
- Emile Durkheim
- Morrico Ginsberg
- Reuter and Hart
- Hob House
Thus, this school of thoughts wants sociology to be the synthesis of all social science. It attempts to wider the field of sociology. It views that society and in parts are so intimately related that they are difficult to understand in isolation.